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当前位置:卷扬启闭机 > 业界资讯 > 详细讲解卷扬启闭机滚动轮的润滑方式

详细讲解卷扬启闭机滚动轮的润滑方式

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<span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">固定式卷扬式启闭机由起升机构和机架组成。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">2、起升机构的作用:使需求启、吊的重物取得升、降运动。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">3、起升机构的组成:电动机、加速器、卷筒、钢丝绳、滑轮组超载限制器、限位开关、行程指示器等组成。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">(一)起升机构的全体布置:取决于闸门的吊点数和驱动方式。<br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"> 1、单吊点的总体布置:可分同轴和展开式两种。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1)同轴线布置:电动机和卷筒的轴线是重合的。   优点:构造紧凑。缺陷:维护和检修不方便。<br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><p style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">2)展开式布置:电动机和卷筒的轴线是平行的。 <p style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">20190124225305_96890<span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">     特点:(1)增设了一个开式齿轮,以调理传动比和拉开电动机与卷筒的中心距。如图: <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">   2、双吊点启闭机起升机构的总体布置    1)集中驱动的双吊点起升机构 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">   用一台电动机,经过一套传动安装驱动两个卷筒的传动方式称集中驱动。(小车行走机构)    2)辨别驱动的双吊点起升机构 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">两台电动机,各经过一套传动安装辨别驱动各自的卷筒,并用联轴器将两侧卷筒同步转动。从而到达两侧吊耳同步挪动。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"> <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">(二)起升机构的任务原理 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1、当操作提门按纽时,制动器翻开,电动机输入扭矩带动卷筒旋转,收起钢丝绳,闸门起升。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">2、当需求中止时:切断电源,同时制动器闭合,闸门中止运动而持住。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">3、闸门下降时,电动机接通电源,制动器同时也翻开、闸门在自重作用下减速下滑,这时电动机进入反应制动形态的任务形态。当制动力等于闸门的自重时,闸门匀速下降。门到位时停电源。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">(三)加速器 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1、作用:传递运动,降低转速和增鼎力矩。<br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">2、加速器的方式:立式(门机小车行走机构)和卧式两种。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">3、通用加速器如;ZQ型(相当于JZQ型、PM型)、渐开线圆柱齿轮加速器和ZDH、ZLH、ZSH型加速器。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1)通用型号:JZQ   500----  Ⅳ ------2     Z  <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">4、加速器的光滑 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1)卧式加速器的光滑方式:油池光滑、飞溅光滑。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">特点:(1)将油飞溅到油箱盖上散热。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">         (2)油箱盖上的油流到轴上对轴承和齿轮停止光滑。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">  4、立式和高速加速箱 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;"> 特点:(1)需求用公用油泵停止光滑。(小车行走机构) <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">5、用油规范 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1)负荷大、转速低、温度高的加速器用黏度大的光滑油。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">2)负荷小、转速高、温度低的加速器用黏度小的光滑油。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">3)依据环境温度变化也要停止光滑油的调整。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">6、加速器的密封 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1)结合面采用586密封胶停止密封。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">2)轴头采用毡圈、皮圈、及油盘等密封安装。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">7、开式齿轮安装 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1)开式齿轮的作用也是起加速的,其齿轮方式是关闭的,它的毁坏方式次要是磨损。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">2)在运转中采用钙基脂等停止光滑。<br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">四)联轴器 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1、联轴器的作用:衔接电动机、加速器及传动轴,以传递运动和扭矩,增加运转时的振动 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">2、由于装置误差和运转中的变化,使其轴线发作变化,其表现方式有:轴向、径向、角度及其综合位移。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">3、联轴器的方式:齿轮、弹性套柱销联轴器两大种。 <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" /><span style="color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;">1)齿轮联轴器有:全齿和半齿两种。使用于衔接程度同心轴。  <br style="padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: "Microsoft YaHei"; color: rgb(102, 102, 102); font-size: 16px; text-align: justify;" />

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